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VGOTSKY tuh gimana?

Postingan terakhir soal ‘sekolah dimana’ menyebut-nyebut Vgotsky. Berikut ini sedikit penjelasan mengenai Vgotsky yang saya ambil dari tugas yang saya buat.

zpd

#1 Important features of Vygotsky theory

The most important features of Vgotsky theory are Zone of Proximal Development and Mediation Learning, which is developed by Vgotsky from Feuerstein theory (Gage and Berliner, 1992, pg 122). From these two main ideas, it can be seen Vgotsky believed that an individual is actively learning through his or her interaction with social environment.

Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD) means a gap between actual level of child’s development and child’s higher potential development. In this ZPD, a child is participating in an activity to develop his or her mastery of practise or understanding a topic (Kozulin et al, 2003, pg 57). To enhance each child’s domain skill into his or her higher potential development, Vgotsky introduced the concept of Mediation Learning which means adults or more capable peers should be the agent by assisting child to learn from easy task that he or she can do it independently and then giving more challenging task without causing frustration.

#2 Comparison between Piaget’s and Vygotsky’s understanding of cognitive development

Piaget as a structuralist mentioned in each mental stage, a child shows an organised pattern of behaviour that can be vary or improved as the mental age increases (Miller, 1993, pg 37). While Vgotsky as a contextualist proposed every single child can have different cognitive development depends on stimulus from his or her circumstances and how this child interacts with environment.

Piaget claimed that a cognitive development proceeds through a series of stages. He believes a child on a certain age shows typical behaviour that can be generalised to all humans everywhere. While Vgotsky explained, a cognitive development of a child is depending on a culture. Children in various cultures learn skills valued by the culture by observing others and responding to their informal instruction (Miller, 1993, pg 380). According Vgotsky, the progress of cognitive development depends on social interaction between a child and the adult who is assisting this child through scaffolding method (learn from easy to more challenging task).

#3 Vgotsky’s perspective for education especially special education

For special education, Vgotsky focus on searching special needs’ strength and capabilities not weaknesses. That is the reason he believed in educating special needs students, teacher should develop personalised program.  First, student must be assessed using qualitative approach to know his or her mental processing and meta-cognitive processing and not using standardised intelligence test which is cultural biased. Second, using compensatory strategies, which means, in teaching knowledge, teacher needs to use students’ strengths. Moreover, in special education, his theory about ZPD is developed into Dynamic Assessment, a tool to assess student’s performance before and after mediation so that it can be seen, is the instruction and guidance effective or not. Dynamic assessment also can be used as an indicator is the child successfully gains new skills or knowledge.

Gage, NL & David Berliner. (1992). Educational Psychology. Boston: Houghton Mifflin

Chaiklin, Seth. (2003). The Zone of Proximal Development in Vygotsky’s Analysis of Learning and Instruction. In Kozulin et al. Vygotsky’s Educational Theory in Cultural Context (pg 39-64). Cambridge: Cambridge Press

Miller, Patricia. (1993). Theories of Developmental Psychology 3rd Ed. NY: W.H Freeman & Company.

One comment on “VGOTSKY tuh gimana?

  1. Pingback: sekolah dimana? « bahagia di tempat yg tak biasa

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This entry was posted on 14/01/2010 by in lesson and tagged , , , .

Ranah Rana

don't you grateful that your kitten is willing to take care her little friend like this? They are not sisters but they can comfort each other. Harapan (Hope) is crying everytime Sabrina is not around and I am blessed I have Sabrina to stay with Harapan.

Ibu mertua saya (dan banyak org di luar sana yang tidak pelihara hewan) menanyakan mengapa saya cari masalah dengan pertambahan krucil ini yang kemungkinan dpt adopter tak semudah itu. Saya biasanya cuma membalas dengan senyum Pak Harto yang generasi Langgas biasanya bingung bentuk senyum ini seperti apa.

Sebenarnya ini semata2 karena saya tahu rasanya hidup sendiri. Sehari-hari di Depok saya lebih banyak berkomunikasi dengan org lewat mengetik drpd tatap muka dan berbicara. Sejak 2011 saya sendirian saya sudah melihat rupa kejadian yg bikin deg2an di Depok. saya bs merasakan kebingungan Goofy ketika dia harus mengais sampah, Maxi yang lumpuh ditinggal di pinggir jalan ataupun banyak kucing yang sudah saya tangani.

Semua mahluk mungkin bisa bertahan hidup sendirian tapi tidak semua sanggup menjalani hari dengan kesepian. Semua mahluk butuh mahluk lain sehingga ia merasa diperjuangkan, diutamakan dan diperhatikan. ini kandang no 2 kl ga salah disebutnya di kalangan pet shop. kl hujan2 begini saya suka bingung kenapa Mimi dan Mumu di kandang, Momo selalu bisa lolos. Saya jd iseng nungguin mereka kelar makan padahal kondisi saya jg sedang demam. Oalah ternyata dari celah bawah. Sip besok dipasang tali rafia melintang supaya ga menghilang pas lg sayang2nya eh pas lagi hujan deras maksudnya.

Momo sampai sekarang belum ada yang nanyain padahal Momo anak yang aktif dan mandiri sekali. Kl memang masih ada rejeki, bermentallah mbayar walau itu dgn nabung, bukan cari gratisan (lirik komentar2 tayangan lama). Ta jamin penjenangan cepet sugih royo royo (segenap pengikut hening seketika ga ngerti gw ngomong apa apa)

#infosteril #Repost @valeuccio85 #infosteril Jakarta Selatan Teman2 berikut adalah kucing2 yang mencari adopter:

1. Mimi dan Mumu. Bersaudara. Sudah ada yang berminat mengadopsi Mimi dan juga sudah ada yang mau adopsi Mumu. Tinggal tunggu

2. Momo. Anak ini selalu merasa perlu menerobos kandang dan menaklukan dunia >.< coba ini coba itu. Momo tidak ada yang nanyain. 
3. Mama Iming dan Anaknya Imong blas ga ada yang nanyaib sama sekali. Saya bingung sebenarnya. Mau mengembalikan Mama ke jalan, lalu cari adopter utk Imong saja. Namun itu pun Imong tidak ada yang minat

4. Nah ada si Sabrina bersama Harapan di bawah Mama Iming dan Imong

5. Ada TENANG yang mirip dengan Sabrina. Tenang dan Sabrina memiliki bulu yang warnanya biasa saja. tampang pun ala kadarnya. Saya tahu susah cari adopter. Apalagi Tenang yang sudah semakin besar.. tapi

Mengapa saya mencari adopter? Pertama, kucing2 lain ada di ruangan lain yang semuanya pilek parah tidak sembuh2. Kebetulan kucing yang kena pilek tersebut sudah vaksin dan sudah dewasa. Sementara mereka ini masi rentan. Kedua, setiap bulannya budget utk steril kucing jalanan terpakai jika kucing kecil masih penuh di Rumah Steril. Padahal fokus kami adalah mensteril sebanyak2nya kucing jalanan dari dana yang terkumpul oleh pendaftar. 
Tolonglah saya. Sudah banyak kucing jalanan yang saya dekati utk jd target berikutnya.

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